+ Reply to Thread
Results 1 to 6 of 6

Thread: estoy vs tengo

 
  1. #1
    New Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2015
    Age
    37
    Posts
    4
    Rep Power
    0

    Default estoy vs tengo

    I just started using Memrise to help learn Spanish. estoy and tengo are an issue for me in one lesson.

    According to the software.

    estoy enferma = I am sick
    tengo hambre = I am hungry

    It states that "estoy" = I am (temporary), while "tengo" = I have.

    Since both of these words that come after estoy and tengo are "feelings" in my opinion, how can I work this out to understand which word to use when I need to?

    I would have never associated tengo with "I am". I would have said "estoy hambre".

  2. #2
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Location
    Texas, USA
    Posts
    1,672
    Rep Power
    3019

    Default Re: estoy vs tengo

    I understand your confusion. You must realize that just as in English, there are verbs that have more than one meaning (in some, LOTS more). In this case "tener" means to have. It applies in several common Spanish uses which are uncommon in English. I'm hungry=tengo hambre; I'm thirsty=tengo sed; I have a headache=tengo dolor de cabeza; I have to go=tengo que ir.

    When you say I'm sick (estoy enferma) you are likely to hear "que tiene?" (what do you have?).
    vicente

  3. #3
    New Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2015
    Age
    37
    Posts
    4
    Rep Power
    0

    Default Re: estoy vs tengo

    Quote Originally Posted by vicente View Post
    I understand your confusion. You must realize that just as in English, there are verbs that have more than one meaning (in some, LOTS more). In this case "tener" means to have. It applies in several common Spanish uses which are uncommon in English. I'm hungry=tengo hambre; I'm thirsty=tengo sed; I have a headache=tengo dolor de cabeza; I have to go=tengo que ir.

    When you say I'm sick (estoy enferma) you are likely to hear "que tiene?" (what do you have?).

    Thanks vicente

    Would there be confusion if I say "estoy hambre"?

  4. #4
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Location
    Texas, USA
    Posts
    1,672
    Rep Power
    3019

    Default Re: estoy vs tengo

    Well, maybe not confusion but you'd probably get a smile from whoever reads or hears it. Hunger is a condition. Tengo hambre literally means "I have hunger". Estoy hambre means literally means "I am hunger".

    In learning Spanish, bear in mind that you cannot always translate things literally. Sometimes it works but often you end up with something that sounds off the wall and that is the primary problem with using machine translators like Memrise.
    Last edited by vicente; 07-18-2015 at 11:51 AM.
    vicente

  5. #5
    Moderator
    Join Date
    Mar 2012
    Age
    29
    Posts
    982
    Rep Power
    920

    Default Re: estoy vs tengo

    I think that can be used both in any case.

    Tengo Hambre / Estoy Hambriento.
    Tengo una Enfermedad / Estoy Enfermo.

  6. #6
    Senior Member exxcéntrica's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2008
    Location
    Spain
    Posts
    1,241
    Rep Power
    1816

    Default Re: estoy vs tengo

    Quote Originally Posted by usmdesigner View Post
    Thanks vicente

    Would there be confusion if I say "estoy hambre"?
    Hi, well, we would understand....but this is like saying:

    I have hungry.

    you would understand, right? But it is simply not said this way
    Los hombres son superiores a las mujeres porque Alá les otorgó la primacia sobre ellas. Portanto, dió a los varones el doble de lo que dió a las mujeres. Los maridos que sufrieran desobediencia de sus mujeres pueden castigarlas: abandonarlas en sus lechos, e incluso golpearlas.
    No se legó al hombre mayor calamidad que la mujer."


    El Corán (libro sagrado de los musulmanes, recitado por Alá a Maomé en el siglo VI)


+ Reply to Thread

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •